How to feed with problems under MegaTyumen pressure

How to feed with problems under MegaTyumen pressure

Diet Expert Advice

Arterial hypertension is a very common disease of the cardiovascular system. According to the World Health Organization, By 2021, there are 1.28 billion adults between the ages of 30 and 79 worldwide. At the same time, about 46% of adult hypertensive patients do not even know they have the disease.

Hypertension is a condition in which a person’s blood pressure is too high. Typically, the test is performed when the pressure values ​​are equal to or greater than 140 mm Hg over a period of time. Art.

World Hypertension Day is celebrated every year on the second Saturday in May. According to experts, proper nutrition is an important aspect of the treatment process. The authors of Megatyumen.ru spoke with Tyumen nutritionist, endocrinologist and developed a list of recommendations for patients with high blood pressure and hypertension.

How to prevent the development of hypertension

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Image: Drazen Zigic/ freepik

Risk factors for high blood pressure include poor diet, lack of exercise, bad habits (alcohol, smoking), and obesity.

When talking about prevention, experts recommend paying attention to your plate first – nutrition. According to Tumon Endocrinologist, nutritionist, medical scientist Dr. Elena Dorodneva, nutrition and nutrition are a constant cause of prevention and treatment. Because the products we use contain important nutrients that are included in metabolism.

– By diet, we create a health profile. Accordingly, the diet affects the diseases that occur in a person. This applies to all body parts and systems, – Specialist notes.

Why is it important to follow a diet for high blood pressure patients?

  • Promotes weight loss.
  • Improves the effectiveness of medicines.
  • It provides the body with the essential nutrients that affect metabolism.
  • Helps maintain a healthy body.

According to a dietitian, certain medications can be effective if they are rich in salty foods. Excess fat and carbohydrates lead to obesity, which is associated with increased pressure.

What foods should be avoided with high blood pressure?

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Photo Dead 8 Photo / Free

First and foremost, it is important to control the amount of salty foods you eat. All of these include pickles, canned food, industrial smoked products, sausages, sausages and cheese. All of this blood pressure should be drunk in small amounts, and in other cases it is better to resist it completely.

The main thing a person with high blood pressure should do to reduce the negative effects of diet is to limit the amount of salty foods.

According to the expert, it is important to control the amount of salt in the normal diet. Many people are accustomed to adding salt to prepared foods before eating, and this, according to nutritionists, is almost impossible. Only the salt included in the recipe is allowed.

For patients with high blood pressure, the ideal daily salt intake is 4-5 grams (one incomplete teaspoon).

Excess weight affects the onset and progression of the disease. Therefore, fatty foods and sugary foods that contain fluid in the body should be significantly reduced in the diet.

What should be in the blood pressure

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Photo: holiak / freepik

– We need vegetables – Elena Felkisovna, a nutritionist. – At least 400-500 grams of vegetables and fruits per day. And we are talking about products that are not sweet and starchy. That is, bananas, grapes and potatoes should be restricted. Make sure there are whole grains and legumes, fish and other low-fat foods – lean meats, poultry.

Sample menu for arterial hypertension

  • Breakfast: soft-boiled eggs, milk oatmeal, tea.
  • Breakfast: Baked apples.
  • Lunch: Vegetable soup with vegetable oil (1/2 part). Boiled meat with carotene pure, dried fruit vinegar.
  • Afternoon snack: rosehip infusion.
  • Dinner: cottage cheese pudding (1/2 part), boiled fish with vegetables, tea.
  • In the evening: kefir.

It is intended to prepare dishes without salt, 120 g of black, brown bread is allowed.

Do patients with hypotension need nutrition?

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Image: Master 1305/ freepik

According to the dietitian, there are no specific dietary recommendations for people with low blood pressure.

– Hypotension is a disease that can occur for many reasons. First of all, there are diseases that contribute to the occurrence of low blood pressure, for example, associated with the endocrine system, kidneys, etc. Therefore, people with low blood pressure should, first of all, consult a specialist to rule out the presence of these diseases, the dietitian recommends.

People with vegetative vascular or neurocystic dystonia often have low blood pressure. They often manifest themselves in young people who suffer from anxiety, overwork, vitamin and mineral deficiency, or low weight.

Prevention of hypertension

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Image: Atlas Company/ freepik

The diet of a person prone to hypotension should be complete and balanced. Fruits and vegetables should be available, citrus fruits, red peppers, legumes are preferred. Hypothetical patients should avoid very restrictive foods, including a variety of solid foods.

Some experts recommend adding a little salt to your diet with hypotension. Sometimes these patients develop a craving for salty foods on their own.

Hypotension is common among young people with a weight loss index. According to the expert, you can calculate the correct and healthy weight yourself. To do this, you need to divide the body weight by the kilogram per square meter. Weight loss below 18.5. 18.5 to 25 – Normal weight. Between 25 and 30 he is overweight, and over 30 is overweight.

“If you are in a deficient category, you should adjust your diet and try to get into the normal range,” the expert advises. – Indicators are built on a large number of different studies around the world, which confirm that these figures are closely related to the risk and development of diseases.

It is important for hypotensive patients to have a proper and reasonable diet, as well as to maintain working and rest periods. We cannot always control stress, but we can control our diet.

Although you start to control your diet in old age, it has a very beneficial effect on metabolism and disease risk.

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